Silverfish are slender, silver-colored insects with 3 long tail-like antennae on end of their abdomens have a voracious appetite for carbohydrates, and they’re likely to find it in old books and cotton clothing stored in damp areas such as basements. They can be a major problem in multi-unit residential buildings, where they can move from unit to unit in search of food.
Keeping storage areas dry, and regularly vacuuming around stored books and clothing, Will help prevent silverfish infestations.
Because they feed off other insects, including harmful ones, spiders are considered beneficial. But their webs are a nuisance, and spider bites can be painful or dangerous to humans.
Controlling spiders begins with reducing their food supply: proper sanitation and control of other insect species will eliminate most spider problems. Regular vacuuming and sweeping of infrequently used spaces such as storage areas, crawl spaces, and attics will also help.
Fleas are a common household pest, often carried into the home by pets. Feeding off blood, these small, black to brownish-black (1 to 4 mm, or less than 1/6″) wingless insects can bite their hosts repeatedly, causing an allergic reaction. Scratching these extremely itchy bites can lead to secondary infections, especially in children.
Treating your dog or cat with a flea shampoo during the summer flea season will help prevent household infestations. However, once fleas are established indoors, more aggressive measures are usually required.
Rats are the most destructive pests known to man. Not only do they carry disease and contaminate food, but they can also inflict serious bites to humans. Like their smaller cousin the mouse, rats are most active under the cover of darkness. Holes chewed in food boxes and bags, along with nearby trails of droppings, are evidence of the presence of rats. Sealing the gaps and tracks that they use for access, and keeping food and refuse in tightly sealed containers, will prevent infestations.
The cute and cuddly storybook image of the mouse stands in stark contrast to the damage it can cause and the diseases it can spread in real life. And mice will chew through wood and even electrical insulation to get at foodstuffs, so they can be a safety hazard, too.
Holes chewed in food boxes and bags, along with nearby trails of droppings, are evidence of the presence of mice. Sealing the gaps and cracks that they use for access, and keeping food and refuse in tightly seated containers, will help prevent infestations.
Cockroaches, among the hardiest and most adaptable of insects, can be found wherever moisture, food, and shelter are available – even in the cleanest of homes. Because they tend to travel through a variety of habitats including sewers and refuse, cockroaches are capable of spreading a number of diseases.
German cockroaches are the most common species in North America. They are light brown with a flattened oval body and typically measure 20 mm (3/4″) when fully grown. By keeping food storage areas clean and dry, and foodstuffs tightly sealed, you can reduce the likelihood of cockroach infestation.
Carpenter ants can cause structural damage to wooden building components and spread disease-causing germs to foodstuffs. Black or black-with-red in color, these insects measure between 3 and 12 mm (1/8″ to 1/2″) in length, and reproductive members of their colonies are winged. Swarms of reproductive ants can often be seen in May and June as they migrate to establish new colonies.
Eliminating moisture-collecting areas in and around your home, as well as isolating wood from direct contact with the soil, will help reduce the risk of carpenter ant infestation.
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